Some of the Smaller Species of
Lake Tanganyika Cichlids
to buy these smaller species from lake Tanganyika.
two Plaid Julies that are probably
a male and a female. The smaller
fish seems to be encouraging the
larger fish to swim back into the
another video of one of the Plaid
Julies living among the same pile
shows a young pair of Brichardis
living among a pile of rocks. These
Brichardis were about 2" to 2.5"
long. They had just spawned and
were tending their new eggs.
a close up of another Brichardi
with at least one of its young fry,
which you can see swimming below
the large Brichardi in this video.
Brichardi live among
the piles of rocks in Lake Tanganyika in East
Africa. Males and females form pairs, cooperate
to chase other fish out of their territory,
lay eggs, and raise babies. They are excellent
parents and interesting to watch.
Yellow Leleupi, the Plaid
Julie, and the Masked Julie are very much like
Brichardi in behavior and requirements. Of course
there are other cichlids in Lake Tanganyika
that are quite different. Click
here to read about Frontosa which is a mouth
brooding cichlid from Lake Tanganyika that has
behaviors and requirements that are very different
from those mentioned for the fish on this page.
an adult Brichardi about 3" long. This
Brichardi lived in our facility for
many years and spawned many times under
a big pile of rocks.
Neolamprologus brichardi, shown above is an
adult about 3" long that lived with it's mate
in an aquarium in our facility for many years,
where they spawned many times and produced lots
Brichardi lived in a 15-gallon aquarium that
was was positioned with the end of the aquarium
with the small piece of glass facing out. This
arrangement is good for many fish because they
can swim back to the far end of the aquarium
away from the big people-faces looking at them.
The fish feel more secure and spawn more. If
the aquarium had been turned the other way,
they would have been much more exposed. Most
experienced fish keepers and breeders know all
the time the Brichardi, shown above, and it's
mate lived in our facility, we watched them
raise many spawns of their fry. But we never
knew which Brichardi was the male and which
was the female. They were pretty much the same
size, same coloration, and both had very long
were curious and watched them closely for several
years, but they always spawned up inside a cave
under a big pile of rocks. We couldn't see which
one laid the eggs, and we never saw a physical
difference in the appearance of the fish.
Finally we decided
it was their secret, and it shouldn't really
shouldn't matter to us. At the time this photo
was taken, they had fry from several spawns
around and under the rocks in the picture. We
loved this pair of fish very much. They were
beautiful without being brightly colored, and
they were very good parents.
a young Plaid Julie, Julidochromis
marlieri, that was about 2.5" long
when this picture was taken. Plaid
Julies live among the rocks in Lake
Tanganyika like all the other fish
on this page.
shows a young Lemon Cichlid, Neolamprologus
leleupi, that was about 2" long
when this picture was taken. Leleupi
is a very brightly colored fish.
Masked Julie, Julidochromis transcriptus,
was about 2" long when this picture
was taken. This fish was born and
raised in our first facility in
the basement of our parent's home.
An Aquarium with an
External Filter with a BIO-Wheel, a maximum
gravel, and an
Aquarium Heater adjusted to between 78 and
82 degrees F. These fish will appreciate a pile
safe rocks, and they will usually set up
house keep among the rocks. Click
here for more about warm water aquariums.
flake food and freeze dried blood worms, which
are actually mosquito larvae. Both of these
foods are available in most stores that sell
pet fish. You can feed
these fish a few live Black Worms. The ideal
amount seems to be two or three Black Worms
every other day for each fish. Be sure the worms
are very clean and in good condition. Never
feed questionable worms. Do not feed worms to
Mbunas, Haplochromis, Tropheus, or Frontosa.
here for more about Black Worms.
species, and many closely related species, will
do better if kept in a group with 6 or 8 of
the same species. I mean get at least 6 or 8
Brichardi. They will eventually need an aquarium
with at least 25-gallons of water; 30 is better,
or even bigger. It is beneficial to have several
groups in the same aquarium. In a 60-gallon
aquarium you could keep 24 of these fish; say
6 or 8 fish of 3 or 4 different species. You
will find that they'll pair off as they reach
they will chase, hurt, and sometimes kill some
of the fish that bother the pairs in their territories.
Try to spot the fish that are being chased around
all the time and remove them. Sometimes we have
kept a small Synodontis
Catfish such as an
Upside Down Catfish or two in the same aquarium,
but catfish will often eat the small cichlid
here to read more about several other groups
of compatible fish.
Size and Lifespan
Brichardi will grow slowly to about 3" sometimes
a little bit smaller, and sometimes larger especially
if you take very good care for them, and they
can live for many years. The Plaid Julie grows
to about 4", Leleupi to about 4", and the Masked
Julie to about 2.5". All these fish will live
for 8 to 10 years.
The Cichlids of Lake Tanganyika
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